We had a client who is moving their legacy Umbraco 4 and 6 sites to Azure VMs, and wanted to use Azure File Share for the shared media folder, rather than the recommended DFS setup.
After some trial and error we got this working (starting from a vanilla Umbraco site), by making sure the following:
- Create a local Windows user account with the same credentials as the Azure File Share user and password
- Set the IIS app pool user to the Azure File Store local user – So Umbraco could access/write to the media folder
- Set website > authentication > anonymous auth – to use App pool user (not IUSR) – So I could browse to files stored in the media folder
- Create an IIS ‘Application’ for “media” (not a virtual directory) – so I can stop the Umbraco web.config from applying to the media folder (see error below)
- The path should be set to the Azure File Share folder e.g. \\myfilestorage.file.core.windows.net\myfileshare\media (you should map a network drive and create a ‘media’ folder first)
- Update the web.config and wrap all the Umbraco stuff with <location path=”.” inheritInChildApplications=”false”></location> – to stop the Umbraco web.config from applying to the media folder (see error below)
- The <configSections> and <runtime> sections must be kept outside of the <location> section.
We have uploaded a bunch of media without error and performed a stress test on the loading of media item via the load balanced front end, without any issues.
We have also checked this works with Umbraco 7 although when we upgrade to this we intend to use Blob storage instead. The Umbraco 7 default web.config includes some <location> sections which must also be moved outside the new <location> tag, and I had to also remove the legacy <httpModules> section to stop some wierd errors…
If you don’t do the last two steps, then it will work in Umbraco but when browsing to a media item you will see this error:
If you forget to set the site authentication to use App Pool Identity, then you will instead get a wierd error code 414 to do with the request URL being too long!
We wanted a simple way to get a new environment set up on a developer machine, but without the hassle of Virtual Machines.
Enter, Microsoft’s appcmd.
This lets you manipulate IIS7 via command line calls. There is lots of documentation on the IIS site but it takes a while to figure out which commands you need to do everything to set up a site. So I’ve put together a selection of the useful commands below in a sample site setup script.
We save these as batch files (.bat) and put them in a shared folder.
- You work on Windows using IIS7
- (if Sitecore) You have all relevant Sitecore installation zips in a shared network folder
- (if Umbraco) You use Nuget package to distribute Umbraco CMS (or you could do the zip thing)
- You run sites locally with custom host name, using a shared DB
- All team members setup sites in the same folder path e.g. c:\work
- You have admin rights on the local machine
Sample setup script:
Put this in a .bat file and save in a shared folder. Keep as many steps as required, and replace the relevant placeholders. To run, right click Run as Administrator.
ECHO *** MUST BE RUN AS ADMIN - IF NOT PLEASE CLOSE AND RUN AGAIN, OTHERWISE: ***
ECHO *** CHECKING OUT FROM SVN ***
IF not exist c:\PATH_TO_TRUNK svn checkout -q https://SVN_PATH_TO_TRUNK c:\PATH_TO_TRUNK
ECHO *** EXTRACTING SITECORE ***
"C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7z" x -y "PATH_TO_SITECORE_ZIPS\Sitecore 7.0 rev. 140120.zip" -oc:\PATH_TO_TRUNK "Sitecore 7.0 rev. 140120\Data" "Sitecore 7.0 rev. 140120\Website"
ECHO *** RENAMING SITECORE ***
rename "c:\PATH_TO_TRUNK\Sitecore 7.0 rev. 140120" www
ECHO *** COPY LICENSE ***
copy PATH_TO_LICENSE\license.xml c:\PATH_TO_TRUNK\www\Data
ECHO *** CREATING APP POOL ***
C:\Windows\System32\inetsrv\appcmd add apppool /name:"APP_POOL_NAME" -managedRuntimeVersion:v4.0
ECHO *** CREATING SITE ***
C:\Windows\System32\inetsrv\appcmd add site /name:"APP_POOL_NAME" /bindings:http://site.localhost:80 /physicalPath:"c:\PATH_TO_TRUNK\www\Website" -applicationDefaults.applicationPool:APP_POOL_NAME
ECHO *** CREATING VIRTUAL DIRECTORIES ***
C:\Windows\System32\inetsrv\appcmd add vdir /app.name:"APP_POOL_NAME/" /path:/siteAssets /physicalPath:c:\PATH_TO_TRUNK\siteAssets
ECHO *** ADDING TO HOSTS FILE ***
find /c " site.localhost" c:\windows\system32\drivers\etc\hosts
if %errorlevel% equ 1 goto notfound
echo Already there
ECHO 127.0.0.1 site.localhost >> c:\windows\system32\drivers\etc\hosts
ECHO *** BUILDING SOLUTION ***
C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319\MSBuild.exe c:\PATH_TO_TRUNK\src\Site.sln /verbosity:quiet
ECHO *** OPENING SITE ***
Hope that’s helpful to someone!
When deploying latest Umbraco 7.2.1 to a test server via Web Deploy (through TeamCity) I got this error:
- Could not load file or assembly ‘System.Web.Http, Version=220.127.116.11, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35’ or one of its dependencies. The system cannot find the file specified.
Turns out the following DLLs weren’t being deployed to the bin folder (these were part of various nuget packages as I installed the Umbraco nuget package):
The fix for this was to find the reference in the website project and set copy local False then True. It’s missing a <private>True</private> flag in the project file.
If you get an issue like this I suggest you compare the bin folder vs your local site and see if anything’s missing.
Also while sorting this out I found an umbraco recommendation to upgrade to the latest version of MVC4 by running this command in the package console:
- Update-Package Microsoft.AspNet.Mvc -Version 4.0.40804
Worth doing as well. After this I also had to set copy local False/True on System.Web.Mvc to get the latest MVC dll to copy in.